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新型冠狀病毒病(COVID-19)疫苗須知

Protect your health with a Coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccine

COVID-19 vaccines are an important step in protecting your health and your loved ones, and we encourage you to talk to your doctor about the right time to get your vaccine. We are committed to providing helpful vaccine information and resources to support you, including $0 cost-share on COVID-19 vaccinations through the national public health emergency period.

Schedule your vaccine

COVID-19 vaccines are widely available across vaccination providers, including retail pharmacies, doctors’ offices and other health systems.

疫苗保護力與安全性

COVID-19 vaccines are important for protecting your health and helping you return to safely spending time with friends and family.

$0 疫苗成本分攤

You should not receive a bill for your COVID-19 vaccination through the national public health emergency1.

After you get vaccinated

Get the latest on life after you get your vaccine, from how to manage potential side effects to when to wear a mask. 

回答您的問題。

To help you plan and keep you informed, we’ve gathered key public information about COVID-19 vaccines below. The CDC remains the best resource on COVID-19 vaccines. You can also explore our learning course to get more vaccine information.

保護與安全

The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized 3 COVID-19 vaccines for emergency use authorization (EUA). These vaccines are safe2 and were developed to help protect people from COVID-19. There is 1 one-dose vaccine and 2 two-dose vaccines. 如同其他疫苗,在施打第二次疫苗後可能需要幾周時間來產生保護力。

FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccines3

Vaccine manufacturer

Doses

Ages for EAU

FDA Fact Sheets

Pfizer-BioNTech

2 doses, 21 days apart

12 and older

Pfizer for patients and caregivers

Moderna

2-doses, 1 month apart

18 and older

Moderna for patients and caregivers

Jphnson & Johnson's Janssen 

1 dose

18 and older

Janssen for patients and caregivers

就像流感疫苗,疫苗接種服務提供者將根據供應情況為您施打 COVID-19 疫苗。疫苗接種服務提供者在其地點可能並非所有 FDA 授權的 COVID-19 疫苗都有供應。

有關 COVID-19 疫苗提供保護的重要提醒:

  • While COVID-19 vaccines may help protect the individual from the virus, it is not yet known if vaccinated people can still give the COVID-19 virus to others.
  • 對抗 COVID-19 的保護持續時間目前未知。

Because of this, keep following public health safety guidelines to help protect yourself and others. For the latest information, go to the CDC.

Is Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 vaccine safe?

The use of Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 vaccine has resumed. Medical and scientific teams with the FDA and CDC did a thorough review that found this vaccine is safe and effective in preventing COVID-19. The Janssen COVID-19 vaccine fact sheets for health care providers and patients have been updated to include information about this very rare and serious type of blood clot. Women younger than 50 years old should be aware of this rare risk of blood clots with low platelets after vaccination. Other COVID-19 vaccines, such as Pfizer and Moderna, are available for which this risk has not been seen.

The safety of vaccines is a top priority, and millions of people have already been safely vaccinated. The CDC states this potential safety issue was caught early and reflects the vaccine safety system is working. The brief pause reflected the federal government’s commitment to transparency as the CDC and FDA reviewed data. COVID-19 vaccines have undergone, and will continue to undergo, intensive safety monitoring

Learn more about Johnson & Johnson's Janssen COVID-19 vaccine on the CDC website.  

The safety of vaccines is a top priority, and millions of people have already been safely vaccinated. All FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective at preventing COVID-19, according to the CDC. They are key to slowing the pandemic. The U.S. vaccine safety system makes sure all vaccines go through an extensive process to confirm levels of safety. The recently FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccines went through this process. Even after emergency use authorization, the FDA continues to review clinical data about the vaccines. 

CDC 網站有更多 COVID-19 疫苗安全資訊

If you are pregnant, you can receive a COVID-19 vaccine. It can help protect you from severe illness associated with COVID-19. According to the CDC, pregnant people are more likely to get severely ill with COVID-19 than non-pregnant people.

If you would like to get pregnant later in life, you can get the COVID-19 vaccine. According to the CDC, there is no evidence that this vaccine, or any vaccines, may cause problems trying to get pregnant. Scientists continue to study COVID-19 vaccines carefully, as they do all vaccines.

If you have questions, a conversation with your health care provider about the COVID-19 vaccine may be helpful.   

接種疫苗產生副作用是正常的現象,表示您的身體正在產生保護作用。就像其他疫苗一樣,且根據 CDC,施打 FDA 授權 COVID-19 疫苗的民眾會產生某些副作用,The most common side effect is a sore arm. Some other side effects may feel like flu and might even affect your ability to do daily activities. 但這些副作用應該在幾天內就會消失。您可以在 CDC 網站上瞭解更多資訊。

若發生緊急事件,您應致電 911,或前往最近的醫院。

如果出現讓您感到不適的副作用或是副作用持續,應立即聯絡您的疫苗接種提供者或主要照護提供者。You should also notify the CDC at 1-800-822-7967. 這是因為 CDC 和 FDA 持續監測 FDA 授權 COVID-19 疫苗的安全性。You can also use the CDC’s v-safe mobile app, which will help you monitor side effects and get second dose reminders

FDA 在批准疫苗供大眾緊急使用之前,將有一項安全性和有效性審查程序。Once the FDA authorizes a vaccine for emergency use, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) will meet to vote on recommending the vaccine.

在評估緊急使用授權(EUA)時,FDA 會根據現有的資料,仔細權衡藥品的潛在風險與益處。在國家公共衛生緊急事件期間,FDA 持續監測疫苗的安全性和效力。

As more COVID-19 vaccines are authorized for emergency use by the FDA, ACIP will quickly hold public meetings to review all available data about each vaccine and make recommendations for their use in the United States. Learn more about how the CDC is making COVID-19 vaccine recommendations.

對於具有某些疾病或不同年齡的民眾,不建議使用現在 FDA 授權的 COVID-19 疫苗。The current vaccines are authorized for use among the following ages:

Per the FDA, women younger than 50 years old should be aware of the rare risk of blood clots with low platelets after Janssen vaccination. Other COVID-19 vaccines, such as Pfizer and Moderna, are available for which this risk has not been seen.

There are other special considerations for when it might not be a good time to get the vaccine:

  • 如果您最近接觸到感染新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)的患者,請查看 CDC 疫苗接種準則
  • If you’ve had monoclonal antibody treatment or received convalescent plasma, the CDC states vaccination should not occur for at least 90 days.

如果對於施打 COVID-19 疫苗有疑問,請聯絡您的醫療保健提供者。

根據 CDC,如果您曾對疫苗或注射藥物產生嚴重過敏反應,請諮詢您的醫師是否應接種 COVID-19 疫苗。嚴重反應指的是必須在醫院接受治療或使用藥物,例如 EpiPen(腎上腺素)。根據 CDC,對 FDA 授權的 COVID-19 疫苗發生嚴重反應的可能性非常低。

CDC 建議患有季節性過敏或對食物、寵物或口服藥物過敏的人士,仍然可以接種疫苗。如果有任何問題,請與您的醫療保健提供者討論。

For more information, you can read the FDA’s Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine Fact Sheet,  Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine Fact Sheet and Janssen Patient Fact Sheet.

Anyone currently infected with COVID-19 should wait to get vaccinated until after their illness has resolved and after they have met the criteria to discontinue isolation. 此外,目前證據顯示,在初次感染後 90 天內再次感染 COVID-19 病毒並不常見。因此,最近感染病毒的民眾可延後至 90 天時間結束後再接種疫苗。

根據 CDC,專家持續研究導致 COVID-19 病毒的變種病毒株。Viruses constantly change through mutation, and new variants of a virus are expected to occur over time. There are multiple variants of the virus that cause COVID-19 in the United States, and these variants seem to spread more easily than other variants. An increase in cases of COVID-19 can lead to more hospitalizations and potentially more deaths.

FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccines help prevent the virus from spreading, which in turn can help decrease the opportunity for virus variants to develop and spread. According to the CDC, vaccines do help with protect against variants, and they continue to be closely investigated with more studies underway.

FDA 授權的 COVID-19 疫苗在阻止 COVID-19 的傳播和保護民眾健康發揮重要的作用。為了幫助保護您和家人朋友的健康,您還需要遵守公共健康安全守則:

  • 佩戴口罩
  • 保持社交距離
  • Wash your hands regularly
  • 生病時自我隔離

請瀏覽 CDC 網站以深入瞭解變種病毒。

If you aren’t yet fully vaccinated, the CDC recommends wearing a face mask to protect others as well as yourself. This is a way to protect your health, along with washing hands regularly, physically distancing and avoiding crowds.

Important reminders to make sure your mask works the best it can, according to the CDC:

  1. Make sure the mask fits snugly against your face. Gaps can let air with respiratory droplets in and out around the edges of the mask.
  2. Pick a mask with layers so it helps keep your respiratory droplets in, while keeping droplets from others out.
  3. Two masks used together, such as a surgical mask with a cloth mask offers better protection to you and to those around you.

Learn more about mask fit on the CDC website.

According to the CDC, masks should be worn:

  • By people 2 years of age and older
  • Any time you are in a public setting
  • When you are with people who do not live with you, including inside your home or someone else’s home
  • Inside your home if someone you live with is sick with symptoms of COVID-19 or has tested positive for COVID-19

Learn more about when to wear a mask on the CDC site

Local public health agencies determine quarantine recommendations. According to the CDC, quarantine is used to keep someone who might have been exposed to COVID-19 away from others. Exposure is defined as 15 minutes or more of being within 6 feet of an individual who has tested positive or had symptoms within 2 days of exposure. By staying home or not going in public, quarantine helps prevent disease spread before a person knows they have the virus.

The CDC has identified 2 groups of people who do not need to quarantine when exposed:

  • People who are fully vaccinated will no longer be required to quarantine following a direct exposure to someone with COVID-19, unless they are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms. Fully vaccinated people are considered those who have had both doses of a two-dose vaccine or the one-dose vaccine, and 2 weeks have passed to allow for the vaccine to work. There are additional considerations for patients and residents who are fully vaccinated and in health care settings.
  • People who have recovered from COVID-19 in the past 3 months do not need to quarantine.

Learn more on the CDC website.

According to the CDC, isolation is used to separate people infected with COVID-19 from those who are not infected. People who are in isolation should stay home until it’s safe for them to be around others. At home, anyone sick or infected should separate from others, staying in a specific “sick room” and using a separate bathroom if possible. The length of the isolation period depends on several factors. Review the CDC’s recommendations for when isolation can end based on the situation.

費用與承保範圍

You will have $0 cost-share (copayments, deductibles or coinsurance) on your COVID-19 vaccination as noted below, no matter where you get the vaccine2 and including when 2 doses are required. 事實上,您應不會收到接種 FDA 授權 COVID-19 疫苗的帳單。

  • Plans through Employers and Individual health plans, including Student Resources, Short Term Limited Liability and Exchange plans: You will have $0 cost-share for the vaccine at both in-network and out-of-network providers through the national public health emergency period. UnitedHealthcare pays a fee to the vaccination provider for the administration of the vaccine and the recommended observation. If you receive care for an adverse reaction, you may be responsible for copays, deductibles, coinsurance or out-of-network charges, according to your benefits plan.
  • Medicare plans: You will have $0 cost-share for the vaccine at both in-network and out-of-network providers through Dec. 31, 2021. Providers should not ask you for payment, upfront or after you receive the vaccine.
  • For Medicaid members in UnitedHealthcare Community Plans: You will have $0 cost-share for the vaccine with both in-network and out-of-network providers through the national public health emergency period. State variations and regulations may apply during this time. Please review the UnitedHealthcare Community Plan website and your state’s site for the latest information. If no state-specific guidance is available, UnitedHealthcare plan guidelines will apply.

If you receive additional services during your vaccination appointment or get the vaccination during a regular office visit, you may be responsible for copays, deductibles, coinsurance or out-of-network charges, according to your benefits plan. You should not receive any bills for your COVID-19 vaccination from your provider or UnitedHealthcare during the national emergency health period. Your vaccination provider should not charge you for the standard observation, which is the 15 to 30 minutes after receiving the vaccination.

If you have questions about your coverage or bills, you can go to your online UnitedHealthcare account or call the number on your health insurance card.

If a COVID-19 vaccine is received during a regular doctor’s visit where you talk about other health needs, you may have a cost-share for the office visit, according to your benefits plan. This means you may be responsible for a copay, coinsurance or deductible. The COVID-19 vaccination will have $0 cost-share for the time periods above. 

No. Be on alert for fraud. 如果有人打電話、傳簡訊或電子郵件要您付費接種疫苗,請不要分享您的個人或財務資訊。Do not give your credit card, social security number, PayPal® account, Venmo® account or any other payment information to anyone to get access to a COVID-19 vaccine.

  • 任何人都不應要求您付費才能排入疫苗接種清單以施打疫苗
  • 任何人都不應要求您付費才能更快接種疫苗

UnitedHealthcare will only request secure information from you through your password-protected member account.

If you suspect fraud or are unsure, you have several ways to report it. Visit uhc.com/fraud, to start an online report. Or call one of the following numbers.

  • Call the number on your ID card
  • Call 1-844-359-7736 if you're a UnitedHealthcare member 
  • Call 1-800-MEDICARE if you're a Medicare member

Learn more about how to protect yourself from fraud

Preparing for your first appointment

以下是我們今天得知的訊息:

  • Be prepared to show your photo ID, such as a driver’s license, to show proof of identity. 
  • 醫療保險計劃保戶:
    • Medicare 保險會支付在 2021 年接種疫苗的費用,所以您需要攜帶您的 Medicare 紅卡、白卡和藍卡。If you don’t have your Medicare card, you can find it by logging in to your Social Security account. More information can be found on the CMS site.
    • 如果您在一般醫療保健提供者就診時接種疫苗,您也需要您的 UnitedHealthcare 保戶 ID。
  • 非醫療保險計劃保戶:請攜帶您的 UnitedHealthcare 保戶 ID。

請記得在約診時戴口罩並保持社交距離。

有關預約疫苗接種準備事項的更多資訊,請參閱 CDC 網站

For many members, UnitedHealthcare pays an administrative fee to the vaccination provider that covers the member’s standard observation. By showing your health insurance card, you are also helping make sure there is a digital record of your COVID-19 vaccination available through your online UnitedHealthcare member account.  

If you receive additional services during your vaccination appointment or get the vaccination during a regular office visit, you may be responsible for copays, deductibles, coinsurance or out-of-network charges, according to your benefits plan. You should not receive any bills for your COVID-19 vaccination from your provider or UnitedHealthcare during the national emergency health period. Your vaccination provider should not charge you for the standard observation, which is the 15-30 minutes after receiving the vaccination. 

以下是提醒您前往接種疫苗約診 CDC 提供的 3 要點

  1. 您的疫苗接種提供者可能會在接種疫苗後對您的身體狀況進行監測,這是為了萬一您發生罕見過敏反應。所以,您需預留更多時間。
  2. 如果可能,提前安排第二次疫苗約診,以接種第二劑疫苗。您也可以透過 CDC VaxText 登記免費簡訊服務,以提醒您接種第二劑 COVID-19 疫苗。
  3. You should receive a vaccination card during your appointment that says which vaccine you received, the date it was received and where it was received. We suggest you keep your vaccination card in a safe place.

If you are receiving a two-dose vaccine, your vaccination card will be updated to reflect both doses at your second dose appointment. 我們建議您保存這張疫苗接種卡。

Getting your second dose

If you are receiving the two-dose vaccine, you will need to get both doses within 3 to 4 weeks to get the protection indicated by the manufacturer. 請確保您所接受的兩個劑量都是來自相同的疫苗製造商,並盡可能在建議接種的時間接種第二劑。請遵循製造商的疫苗接種說明:

我們強烈建議您同時預約兩次接種的時間,以符合這些接種間隔時間,進而獲得對 COVID-19 病毒的保護力。在施打第一劑疫苗時,疫苗接種服務提供者應協助您安排第二劑施打的時間。他們應可以告訴您何時接種第二劑。

You can also sign up for free text messaging through the CDC’s VaxText to a get a reminder about your second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine.

The CDC recommends getting the second dose as close to the recommended timing of 3-4 weeks as possible. 請遵循製造商的疫苗接種說明。

 如果您錯過了第二劑疫苗接種預約或超過了建議的第二劑時間,您仍然可以接種第二劑。您不需要重新接種第一劑疫苗。And even if the second dose is late, the second dose will still help you get protection from COVID-19. 請盡快與疫苗接種提供者安排您的下一次約診。

You should have received a vaccination card at your first appointment with information on the COVID-19 vaccine manufacturer, date of your first vaccination and when your second dose is due. 如果無法找到這些資訊,您的疫苗接種提供者可以協助您了解接種的是哪種疫苗。

After you get vaccinated

接種疫苗產生副作用是正常的現象,表示您的身體正在產生保護作用。就像其他疫苗一樣,且根據 CDC,施打 FDA 授權 COVID-19 疫苗的民眾會產生某些副作用,The most common side effect is a sore arm. Some other side effects may feel like flu and might even affect your ability to do daily activities. 但這些副作用應該在幾天內就會消失。您可以在 CDC 網站上瞭解更多資訊。

If you experience pain or discomfort after your vaccination, talk to your doctor about taking over-the-counter medicine, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, to help with your symptoms. You can also use a virtual visit to connect with a health care professional to discuss your symptoms.

若發生緊急事件,您應致電 911,或前往最近的醫院。

如果出現讓您感到不適的副作用或是副作用持續,應立即聯絡您的疫苗接種提供者或主要照護提供者。You should also notify the CDC at 1-800-822-7967. 這是因為 CDC 和 FDA 持續監測 FDA 授權 COVID-19 疫苗的安全性。You can also use the CDC’s v-safe mobile app, which will help you monitor side effects and get second dose reminders. 

According to the CDC, if you got the Janssen vaccine within the last 3 weeks, your risk of developing a blood clot with low platelets is very low. However, be on the lookout for possible symptoms of a blood clot with low platelets, which typically occur within 3 weeks of vaccination, and seek medical care urgently if any of these symptoms develop:

  • Severe headache
  • Backache
  • Blurred vision
  • Fainting
  • Seizures
  • Severe pain in your abdomen or stomach
  • Severe pain in your chest
  • Leg swelling
  • 呼吸急促
  • Tiny red spots on the skin (petechiae)
  • New or easy bruising or bleeding

如果出現讓您感到不適的副作用或是副作用持續,應立即聯絡您的疫苗接種提供者或主要照護提供者。

If you have other questions, call your primary care provider or other health care professional. You can also use a virtual visit to connect with a health care professional. To access 24/7 on-demand virtual visits through a designated national provider, sign in to your online UnitedHealthcare account. Cost-share for the virtual visit will be according to your benefits plan.

It depends. If you have received only one dose of a two-dose vaccine, keep wearing a mask, physically distancing and washing your hands regularly to protect yourself from COVID-19.

The CDC guidance changes once a person is fully vaccinated, which means it is 2 weeks after you have received the second dose of a two-dose vaccine or after getting the one-dose Janssen vaccine. According to the CDC, fully vaccinated people can get back to doing many of the things they did before the pandemic, like:

  • Attending indoor gatherings with other fully vaccinated people or unvaccinated people of any age from one other household, unless someone is at high-risk for severe illness from COVID-19
  • Attending outdoor gatherings or activities without wearing a mask, unless it is a crowded area
  • Traveling domestically without getting tested before or after your trip — and no longer needing to quarantine after travel

Keep in mind that outdoor activities are typically safer than indoor activities. Visit the CDC website for more information on life after vaccination. 

Learn what you need to know about mask-wearing and choosing safer activities

否,CDC 不建議您接受 COVID-19 抗體或診斷性檢測。

According to the CDC, people who are fully vaccinated are not required to quarantine following a direct exposure to someone with COVID-19, unless they are experiencing symptoms.

Fully vaccinated people are considered those who have had the one-dose vaccine or both doses of a two-dose vaccine, and a period of about 2 weeks has passed to allow for the vaccine to work. There are additional considerations for fully-vaccinated patients and residents in health care settings.

Learn more on the CDC website.

UnitedHealthcare is committed to providing members an accurate and complete digital COVID-19 vaccination record. At this time, UnitedHealthcare does not yet have COVID-19 vaccination record for all members, given the many different vaccination sites and not yet receiving all vaccination information. We continue to work closely with states and vaccination providers to access this information.

Your digital COVID-19 vaccination record can be found within your online UnitedHealthcare member account. The record puts your vaccination information at your fingertips. It shows the vaccination date, including the manufacturer and both dates for two-dose vaccines. This record may be helpful for employment, attending events or doing other activities where a COVID-19 vaccination record may be requested.

Your digital record is not intended to replace your official CDC COVID-19 Vaccination Record Card. Continue to keep it in a safe place for when you need it.

We encourage you to keep your doctor informed of your vaccination. Your UnitedHealthcare digital vaccination record is one way you may choose to share your vaccination information with your doctor or other health care provider.   

Beginning in June, you may choose to report your vaccination information to us, if you do not yet have a vaccination record showing up in your online UnitedHealthcare member account. UnitedHealthcare may use that information to help you get timely information, including booster shot reminders. Should UnitedHealthcare receive updated vaccination data from your vaccination provider, your self-reported data will be replaced by the provider’s information.

We continue to work closely with states and vaccination providers to help make sure you have an accurate and complete digital vaccination record.

We encourage you to keep your vaccination card in a safe place. You may want to consider taking a picture or scan of your vaccination card as a backup copy. Be sure not to post a picture of your vaccination card on the internet or via social media, as there may be people who try to use your information as their own.

Your digital vaccination record, which may be available through your online UnitedHealthcare member account, may also be helpful in situations where you may need to show proof of vaccination.

保持安全與健康

It’s important to follow public health guidelines to help you stay healthy, especially if you haven’t yet received the COVID-19 vaccine. Protect yourself and others from COVID-19 by following these simple steps:

  • 佩戴口罩
  • 繼續保持社交距離
  • 避免到人多的地方
  • 洗手

Visit the CDC website for information on life after vaccination

Also, remember to stay on top of your doctor appointments like annual checkups and care for anxiety, depression and loneliness. Most providers also offer telehealth visits to help you get the care you need.

實用資源

想要了解更多?以下是幫助您了解 COVID-19 疫苗由多個單位提供的臨床資源。

疫苗詐騙宣導

請小心免於詐騙。如果有人打電話、傳簡訊或電子郵件要您付費接種疫苗,請不要分享您的個人或財務資訊。

  • 任何人都不應要求您付費才能排入疫苗接種清單以施打疫苗
  • 任何人都不應要求您付費才能更快接種疫苗
UnitedHealthcare will only request secure information from you through your password-protected member account.

如果有任何問題或需要承保福利的資訊

請撥打保戶識別卡上的電話號碼,或登入您的健康帳戶。

1 If you receive additional services during your vaccination appointment, you may be responsible for copays, deductibles, coinsurance or out-of-network charges, according to your benefits plan.

2 Key things to know about COVID-19 vaccines, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website, Feb.27, 2021.

3 Always follow vaccination instructions from the manufacturer. 

免責聲明

本網站描述的承保福利說明了聯邦要求和 UnitedHealthcare 國家保單,某些州和某些計劃可能提供其他額外的承保福利。

本頁描述我們向所有州的保戶所提供的承保福利,還包括聯邦要求。某些州和某些計劃可能提供更多的承保福利。我們已制定了一些規則和實務,目前可能適用於我們的部分商品。該資訊是一份摘要,內容可能隨時改變。如需更多資訊,請聯絡您的客戶服務代表,或撥打保戶 ID 卡上的號碼。

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